Anxiety, Social Support and Quality of Life after Abortion

  • Maha Gaafar
  • Maha El Habashy
Keywords: Abortion; Pregnant Women; Stress; Anxiety; Quality of Life.

Abstract

Abortion represents a complex biological and psychological event. It is considered one of the crises women can have. Objective: Identify anxiety, social support and quality of life for pregnant women after previous abortion. Setting: The study was conducted at the antenatal clinic of El-Shatby Maternity University Hospital. Subjects: The study comprised 80 pregnant women with history of abortion. Tools: four tools were utilized for data collection; a socio-demographic and obstetric data sheet, multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, trait anxiety inventory structured interview schedule (TAI), and World Health Organization quality of life scale (WHOQOL-BREF). Results: The results of this study revealed that about two third of the studied subjects (61.30%) were in the age group range from 30 to less than 40 years, the social support was perceived strong by two third of studied women (66.3%). Fourteen percent of the women had mild level of anxiety, 62.5% of them had moderate quality of life while 15% had poor quality of life. There is a negative statistical significant correlation between social support and women’s anxiety level, and a positive statistical significant correlation was found between social support and quality of life. The women with one year lapse after last abortion received more support than women with less than one year lapse. Conclusion: In conclusion, social support, level of anxiety and quality of life are correlated and mothers psychological support during a pregnancy after abortion. Recommendations: Counseling for these women to enhance their mental health beside physical care at this critical stage in their life.

Published
2018-01-31
Section
Articles