Dietary Patterns and Nutritional Status of Patients with Early Stages Liver Cirrhosis
Liver cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver does not function properly due to long-term damage. Early nutritional assessment and intervention are imperative to prevent further catabolism and malnutrition in liver cirrhosis. Moreover, dietary patterns mean the quantities, proportions, variety or combinations of different foods and beverages in diets, and the frequency with which they are habitually consumed. And nutritional status is the condition of health of a person that is influenced by the intake and utilization of nutrients. Objective: Assess dietary patterns and nutritional status of patients with early stages liver cirrhosis. Setting: The study was conducted at Medical outpatients clinic at Saidy Salim General Hospital affiliated to Ministry of Health and Population at Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate. Subjects: 254 adult patients diagnosed early stage liver cirrhosis were involved in this study. Tool: One tool was used for data collection; early stage liver cirrhosis patients dietary patterns and nutritional status structured interview schedule. Results: More than two thirds of studied patients (73.6%) were ≥50 years. And more than half of them (59.1%) were females. Also, no severe symptoms were experienced among the study patients, and the majority of them (78.6%) were having mild symptoms, and about (41.3%) were having moderate symptoms. Moreover, no significant correlations were elicited between overall dietary patterns and patients nutritional status. Conclusion: High prevalence of malnutrition in early stages cirrhotic patients together with the lack of simple and accurate methods of assessment of malnutrition among these patients' population, it is reasonable to assume that malnutrition occurs in all patients. Recommendations: Regular and complete nutritional assessment of liver cirrhosis patients should be carried out for early detection and treatment of malnutrition. Nutritional health education program must be organized for early stages liver cirrhotic patients in order to limit the occurrence of further malnutrition and its complications.