Relationship between Mindfulness and Premenstrual Syndrome among Faculty Nursing Students
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a complex set of symptoms which include physical, psychological and behavioral changes of varying severity. These symptoms can interfere with the lives of the affected females, as well as their interpersonal relationships. Researches reveal a sound influence of mindfulness on the mind, somatic aspect, and conduct, claiming that educating a further mindful way of being is related to fewer psychological suffering, more optimistic condition of mind, and improved quality of life. Despite the existence of many experimental studies revealing the consequences of cognitive mindfulness-based therapy on the premenstrual tension, few studies attempted to study the relation between mindfulness level and premenstrual symptoms severity among affected women. Objective: Examine the relation between mindfulness level and premenstrual syndrome among faculty nursing students. Setting: The study was conducted on nursing students at the Faculty of Nursing, Damanhour University. Subjects: A sample of 291 nursing students was chosen by simple random sampling method. Tools: Two questionnaires were used namely; Five Factors Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) and a modified version of Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool for clinicians (PMSST) in addition to socio-demographic data and menstrual history structured interview schedule. Results: Study findings indicated that the only statistical significant relation was present between mindfulness and behavioral symptoms. However, no statistical significant relationships were found between mindfulness and total score of premenstrual symptoms as well as the rest of subscales of premenstrual symptoms. Conclusion: Mindfulness is significantly related to behavioral premenstrual symptoms. Recommendations: Mindfulness training can be used to address premenstrual behavioral symptoms.