Pregnant Women's Perspective of Their Level of Stress and Coping Behaviors

  • Maha Gaafar
  • Maha EL-Habashy
  • Fatma Abo Romia
Keywords: Pregnant women, stress, and coping behaviors

Abstract

Pregnancy is an experience characterized by lack of adequate psychosocial resources. The presence of many stressors as work and family responsibilities make pregnancy a distant reflection of the ideal prototype. Objective: The present study aimed to identify pregnant women's perspective of their level of stress and coping behaviors. Setting: It was conducted at antenatal clinic of El- Shatby Maternity University Hospital. Subjects: The study comprised 100 pregnant women with normal pregnancy, free from medical diseases and willing to participate in the study. Tools: Three tools were utilized for data collection; a socio-demographic and reproductive history sheet, modified version of patient stress scale Wilson (1987), and modified version of coping scale Jalawic & Powers (1981). Results: The study revealed that thirty two percent of the studied women had high level of stress, and about two third (61%) of them had moderate level of stress. Problem oriented coping was highly used by half (51%) of women, While affective oriented coping was moderately used by the majority (86%) of studied pregnant women. Recommendations: Introducing the concept of early programming focusing on prenatal problems and stresses to improve health for all pregnant women was recommended. A better understanding of coping techniques used during healthy pregnancy can be used to design interventions that support a woman's positive coping techniques or suggest alternatives for negative coping techniques.

Published
2014-07-30
Section
Articles